Buddhism: Details about 'Arhat'

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For the arhat fruit, see Siraitia grosvenorii.

An arhat (Sanskrit, also arahat or arahant (Pali); Chinese: 阿羅漢, āluóhàn, luóhàn, lohan; Tibetan: dgra-bcom-pa; Jp. arakan; Hindi Arihant अरिहन्त ) is a highly realized Buddhist or Jain ascetic, one who has completely destroyed greed, hatred and delusion. The word comes from Sanskrit arhati, Pali arahati, "he/she is worthy", but there is also an etymology that derives from foe destroyer - hence the Tibetan dgra-bcom-pa (Foe Destroyer)

In Buddhism, the term arhat is, strictly speaking, a synonym for Buddha and it is listed in some texts as one of the ten epithets of a Buddha. In Theravada Buddhism it is most commonly used to describe and refer to any completely enlightened disciple of the Buddha. In early Indian texts such as the Pali Canon, the stage of arhat is described as the final goal of Buddhist practice

-- the attainment of complete and unexcelled Nirvāna.

In Jainism, the term arhat (or arihant) is a synonym for Jina or Tirthankara. The Jain Navakar Mantra starts with "Namo Arhantanam". An arihant has destroyed the karmas (ari = enemy, hant = destroyer) and is thus approaching nirvana.

However, in Mahayana Buddhism, the term arhat is conventionally used to refer only to a Sravaka-Buddha, one of the three types of Buddha, whereas the term Buddha is most commonly used to refer only to Supreme Buddhas such as Siddhartha Gautama. Others consider it to be the fourth and highest stage of the śrāvaka path, Sravaka-Buddhahood.

Thus, by their conventional uses, one could readily find the concept of arhat contrasted with the concept of Buddha. The concept of arhat may also be compared with that of bodhisattva.


Arhat Arhat Arhat Arahant 阿羅漢 Arhat Архат Arahant 阿罗汉

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Arhat". A list of the wikipedia authors can be found here.