find
 

Buddhism: Details about 'Yidam'

Index / Buddhism / List Of Buddhist Topics / Yidam /
Click here for our Buddha-Shop

Navigation

Home
One level up
Back
Index of contents
Links
Buddha-Shop

Useful Links


Buddhism Portal
Culture History List of topics People By region By country
Schools Temples Concepts Texts Timeline


In Vajrayana Buddhism, a Yidam (Tibetan) or Ishtadevata (Sanskrit) is a fully enlightened being who is the focus of personal meditation, during a retreat or for life. The term is often translated into English as meditational deity. A Yidam is an enlightened being with whom one identifies during meditation: one perceives his or her own Buddha nature through such identification. Some common Yidams include Hayagriva, Vajrakilaya, Samputa, Guhyasamaja, Yamantaka, Hevajra, Kurukulle, Cakrasamvara, Vajrayogini, and Kalacakra. Also, other enlightened beings such as the regular forms of the Buddhas, Bodhisattvas, Guru Rinpoche, certain Dharmapalas, Wealth Deities, and yab-yum representations, among others, can also be practiced as a Yidam.

Yidams are not to be equated with deities, patron saints or guardian angels found in the Jewish, Christian and Muslim traditions. They are not regarded as protectors from danger or saviors. They are simply acknowledgments of the student's basic nature. The student visualizes the outstanding characteristics of the



yidam until he achieves complete union with it. The yidam, which can be masculine or feminine, may refer to the personal deity, the nature of which corresponds to the individual psychological temper of each adept.

Chenrezig, Tara under her different forms, Manjusri and particularly Kalachakra, Hevajra and consort Nairatmya, Heruka and consort Vajravarahi, etc. are frequently chosen as Yidam, but any deity of the tantric pantheon may be adopted as such. The adept enters in union with his Yidam from the morning onwards, and ends the day with him. The yidam is used as a means of transformation. According to certain traditions, the yidam are considered as the emanation of the adept's own mind. The term yi-dam is said to be a contraction of Tib. yid-kyi-dam-tshig, meaning "samaya of mind"- in other words, the state of being indestructibly bonded with the inherently pure and liberated nature of mind.

See also

Yab-yum Yidam Thần thể Yidam


Visitors who viewed this also viewed:

Buddhism: Kannon
Buddhism: Kushinagar
Buddhism: Magadhi Language
New Age: Age Of Aquarius
Christianity: Scapular


 

Click here for our Buddha-Shop


Buddhism-guide is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com





This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Yidam". A list of the wikipedia authors can be found here.