find
 

Buddhism: Details about 'Wisdom King'

Index / Buddhism / List Of Buddhist Topics / Wisdom King /
Click here for our Buddha-Shop

Navigation

Home
One level up
Back
Index of contents
Links
Buddha-Shop

Useful Links


Buddhism Portal
Culture History List of topics People By region By country
Schools Temples Concepts Texts Timeline

In Vajrayana Buddhism, a Wisdom King (Sanskrit vidyarāja, Jp. 明王 myō-ō) is the third type of deity after Buddhas and bodhisattvas. The Sanskit name literally "king of knowledge", while the Chinese characters mean "bright king", leading to wide array of alternative English names including Guardian King, Radiant King, etc.

The female counterparts of Wisdom Kings are known as Wisdom Queens (Jp. 明妃 myōhi), although the distinction is often ignored.

Contents

Doctrine

On a general level, the Wisdom Kings are viewed as the guardians of the Buddhas and bodhisattvas. In particular, the Five Wisdom Kings are the protectors of the Five Wisdom Buddhas.

According to the esoteric doctrine of the Three Wheels, whereas



Buddhas represent pure concepts and bodhisattvas teach through compassion, Wisdom Kings are the embodiment of the wheel of injunction and teach through fear, shocking nonbelievers into faith.

Iconography


Wisdom Kings are usually represented as wrathful deities, often with many faces, many arms and even many legs. They hold weapons in their hands and are sometimes adorned with skulls, snakes or animal skins and wreathed in flames.

A notable exception is Mahamayuri (Jp. Kujaku), the "Peacock Wisdom Queen", who is usually presented with a peaceful expression. She is easily identifiable as she usually rides a peacock.

List of Wisdom Kings

  • Five Wisdom Kings
    • Acala (Fudo myō-ō)
    • Trilokavijaya
    • Kundali
    • Yamantaka
    • Vajrayaksa
  • Ragaraja (Aizen)
  • Mahamayuri (Kujaku)
  • Hayagriva (the horse-headed wrathful manifestation of Avalokitesvara)

See also

  • Dharmapala and Lokapala, the Protectors in Tibetan Buddhism

Visitors who viewed this also viewed:

Buddhism: Dalai Lamas
Buddhism: Drukpa Kagyu
Buddhism: Stupa
New Age: Massimo Introvigne
Christianity: Church Of God By Faith


 

Click here for our Buddha-Shop


Buddhism-guide is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com





This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Wisdom_King". A list of the wikipedia authors can be found here.