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Buddhism: Details about 'Wat Phra Kaew'

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The Wat Phra Kaew (English Temple of the Emerald Buddha, Thai วัดพระแก้ว; full official name Wat Phra Sri Rattana Satsadaram, Thai วัดพระศรีรัตนศาสดาราม) is the most important Buddhist temple of Thailand. It is located in the historic center of Bangkok (district Phra Nakhon), within the grounds of the Grand Palace.

The construction of the temple started when King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke (Rama I) moved capital from Thonburi to Bangkok in 1785. Unlike other temples it does not contain living quarters for monks; rather, it has only the highly decorated holy buildings, statues, and pagodas.

The main building is the central ubosoth, which houses the Emerald Buddha. Even though it is small in size it is the most important icon for Thai people. Legends hold that the statue originated in India, but it first surfaced in Chiang Rai, Thailand in 1434. It finally came to Bangkok when King Taksin fought with Laos and his general Chakri (the later King Rama I) brought it first to Thonburi. In 1784 it was moved to its current location.

The wall surrounding the temple area – from the outside only a plain white wall – is painted with scenes from the Thai version of



the Ramayana mythology, the Ramakian. Several statues in the temple area resemble figures from this story, most notably the giants (yak), five-meter high statues. Also originating from the Ramayana are the monkey kings and giants which surround the golden chedis.

The Temple also contains a model of Angkor Wat, added by King Nangklao (Rama III), as the Khmer empire of Cambodia and the Thais share cultural and religious roots.

Despite the hot weather most of the year in Bangkok, long pants are required to enter the wat. Short pants are not allowed on men or women. This is strictly enforced. If you are of size, the facility can offer the rental of proper trouser wear.

Images


Phra Sri Rattana Chedi

Phra Sri Rattana Chedi

Phra Mondop, the library

Entrance to Phra Mondop

Nok Tantima (Tantima bird), guarding the Viharn Yod

The Indrajit giant guarding an entrance to Wat Phra Kaeo

Kinaree - mythological creature, half bird, half woman

Garuda and Nagas, at the outside of the ubosoth

Outside decoration of the ubosoth

A golden chedi

Statue of Demon (Yaksha), character from the Ramakien epic, at golden chedi

Giant from Ramakien epic at golden chedi


Wat Phra Kaeo

วัดพระศรีรัตนศาสดาราม 玉佛寺(曼谷)


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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Wat_Phra_Kaew". A list of the wikipedia authors can be found here.