find
 

Buddhism: Details about 'Ram Mohan Roy'

Index / Buddhism / Max M??ller / Ram Mohan Roy /
Click here for our Buddha-Shop

Navigation

Home
One level up
Back
Index of contents
Links
Buddha-Shop

Useful Links


Buddhism Portal
Culture History List of topics People By region By country
Schools Temples Concepts Texts Timeline

Ram Mohan Roy, also written as Rammohun Roy, or Raja Ram Mohun Roy (Bangla: রাজা রামমোহন রায়, Raja Ram Mohon Ray), (May 22, 1772 – September 27, 1833) was the founder of the Brahmo Samaj, one of the first Indian socio-religious reform movements. His remarkable influence was apparent in the fields of politics, public administration and education as well as religion. He is most known for his efforts to abolish the practice of sati, a Hindu funeral custom in which the widow sacrifices herself on her husband’s funeral pyre. Rammohan is regarded as one of the most important figures in the Bengal Renaissance.

Contents

Early life and education

Roy was born in Radhanagar, Bengal in 1772. His family background displayed an interesting religious diversity, his father Ramkant,was a Vaishnavite, while



his mother, Tarini was from a Shakta background. Rammohan learnt successively Bangla, Persian, Arabic and Sanskrit by the age of fifteen.

Social reformer

In the history of social reform in India, Ram Mohan Roy's name will always be remembered in connection with the abolition of Sati (the immolation of widows, often termed suttee in historical works). Ram Mohan Roy also made people aware of the fact that polygamy, which was extremely prevalent in his day, was in fact contrary to law. Challenging the authority of Hindu priesthood he pointed out that it was only under specific circumstances (e.g. if a wife is infertile or has an incurable disease) that a man was permitted to take a second wife while the first was still alive.

Values

In the social, legal and religious reforms that he advocated, Roy was moved primarily by considerations of humanity. He took pains to show that he was not out to destroy the best traditions of the country, but was merely brushing away some of the impurities that had gathered on them in the days of decadence.



He respected the Upanishads and studied the Sutras. He condemned idolatry in the strongest terms. He stated that the best means of achieving bliss was through pure spiritual contemplation on and worship of the Supreme Being, and that sacrificial rites were intended only for persons of less subtle intellect.

In 1831 Ram Mohan Roy travelled to the United Kingdom as an ambassador. He also visited France.

He died at Stapleton near Bristol in 1833 and is buried in Arno's Vale Cemetery in Bristol. A statue of him was erected in central Bristol in 1997.

See also

  • Alexander Duff
  • Presidency College, Kolkata
  • Scottish Church College


          Indian Independence Movement               

History:Colonization | East India Companies | Plassey | Buxar | British India | French India | Portuguese India | More..
Philosophies:Indian nationalism | Gandhism | Satyagraha | Hindu nationalism | Indian Muslim nationalism | Socialism
Events and Movements:Rebellion of 1857 | Partition of Bengal | Revolutionaries | Champaran and Kheda | Amritsar Massacre | Non-Cooperation | Chauri Chaura | Bardoli | 1928 Protests | Nehru Report | Salt Satyagraha | Act of 1935 | Cripps' mission | Quit India |
Organizations:Indian National Congress | Ghadar | Home Rule | Indian National Army | Azad Hind | Anushilan Samiti | More..
Indian Leaders:Mangal Pandey | Rani of Jhansi | Sri Aurobindo | Lokmanya Tilak | Gopal Krishna Gokhale | Sarojini Naidu | Lajpat Rai | Rabindranath Tagore | Mahatma Gandhi | Sardar Patel | Subhas Bose | Badshah Khan | Jawaharlal Nehru | Maulana Azad | C. Azad | Rajaji | M. A. Ansari | Rajendra Prasad | Bhagat Singh | Purushottam Das Tandon | More..
British Raj:Robert Clive | James Outram | Dalhousie | Irwin | Linlithgow | Wavell | Stafford Cripps | Mountbatten | More..
Independence:Cabinet Mission | Indian Independence Act | Partition of India | Political Integration | Constitution | Republic of India

Ram Mohan Roy Râm Mohan Roy ראג' רמוהון רוי


Visitors who viewed this also viewed:

Buddhism: Baizhang Huaihai
Buddhism: Bhikshu
Buddhism: Yana Buddhism
New Age: Circle Dance
Christianity: Across The Sky


 

Click here for our Buddha-Shop


Buddhism-guide is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com





This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Ram_Mohan_Roy". A list of the wikipedia authors can be found here.