Buddhism: Details about 'Noble Eightfold Path'
The following is An Analysis of the Path, a sutra or discourse delivered by Siddhartha Buddha from the Tipitaka, explaining this Noble Eightfold Path in detail. In all these, the word "right" is a translation of the word sammā (Pāli; Sanskrit: Samyañc), which denotes completion, togetherness, or coherence, and which can also carry the sense of "perfect" or "ideal".
1. Right Understanding (or Right View, or Right Perspective) - samma ditthi
"And what, monks, is right understanding? Knowledge with regard to sadness, knowledge with regard to the origination of sadness, knowledge with regard to the stopping of sadness, knowledge with regard to the way of practice leading to the stopping of sadness: This, monks, is called right understanding."
2. Right Thought (or Right Intention, or Right Resolve) - samma sankappa
is right thought? Being resolved on renunciation, on freedom from ill will, on harmlessness: This is called right thought."
Virtue (Ethical Conduct)(sila)
3. Right Speech - samma vaca
"And what is right speech? Abstaining from lying, abstaining from divisive speech, abstaining from abusive speech, abstaining from idle chatter: This, monks, is called right speech."
4. Right Action - samma kammanta
"And what, monks, is right action? Abstaining from taking life, abstaining from stealing, abstaining from unchastity: This, monks, is called right action."
5. Right Livelihood - samma ajiva
"And what, monks, is right livelihood? There is the case where a disciple of the noble ones, having abandoned dishonest livelihood, keeps his life going with right livelihood: This, monks, is called right livelihood."
Concentration (Mental Development)(samadhi)
6. Right Effort (or Right Endeavour) - samma vayama
"And what, monks, is right effort?
This, monks, is called right effort."
7. Right Mindfulness - samma sati
"And what, monks, is right mindfulness?
This, monks, is called right mindfulness."
8. Right Concentration - samma samadhi
"And what, monks, is right concentration?
This, monks, is called right concentration."
The ninth and tenth elements
In the Great Forty Sutra (Mahacattarisaka Sutta), which appears in the Pali Canon, the Buddha explains that cultivation of the Eightfold Path leads to the development of two further stages once enlightenment has been reached. These also fall under the category of pañña and are Right Knowledge (sammanana) and Right Liberation (or Right Release; sammavimutti). Some consider Right Association as an implicit ninth aspect of the Path.
Den ædle otteleddede vej Achtfacher Pfad Óctuple Sendero Jalon kahdeksan polku Noble sentier octuple 八正道 팔정도 Het Achtvoudige Pad Nobre Caminho Óctuplo Восьмеричный Путь Noble Eightfold Path Bát chính đạo 八正道