Buddhism: Details about 'Bhikku'

Index / Buddhism / Zen / Bhikku /
Click here for our Buddha-Shop


One level up
Index of contents

Useful Links

Buddhism Portal
Culture History List of topics People By region By country
Schools Temples Concepts Texts Timeline

In Pāli, a bhikkhu (male) or bhikkhuni (female) is a fully ordained Buddhist monk. The respective Sanskrit versions are bhikṣu and bhikṣunī.

The word literally translates as "beggar" or more broadly as "one who lives by alms". It is philologically analysed in the Pali commentary of the Buddhaghosa as "the person who sees danger (in samsara or cycle of rebirth)" (Pali = bhayam. ikkhatīti bhikkhu) He therefore seeks ordination in order to release from it. A bhikkhu has taken a vow to enter the Sangha (Buddhist monastic community) and is expected to obey rules of conduct (typically around 253 for a male) as set out in the Vinaya, although there are considerable local variations in the interpretations of these rules. A novice monk or nun in the Tibetan tradition takes 36 vows of conduct. The minimum age to take bhikkhu vows is 21 years.


和尚 bhikkhu bhikkhu Bhikṣu bhiksu bhikkhu Tỉ-khâu

Visitors who viewed this also viewed:

Buddhism: Atisha
Buddhism: Thoughts Without A Thinker
Buddhism: Tongbulgyo
New Age: Morphogenetic Fields
Christianity: Sergii Radonezhskii


Click here for our Buddha-Shop

Buddhism-guide is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Bhikku". A list of the wikipedia authors can be found here.